Descriptions and articles about the Chard, scientifically known as Beta vulgaris var. cicla in the Encyclopedia of Life. Includes Ecology; Associations; Wiki. Beta vulgaris var. cicla Linn. 厚įšŪ菜. Description from Flora of China. Root branched, not tuberlike. The leaves are used as a vegetable (spinach beet, Swiss . EPPO code: BEAVV; Preferred name: Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris var. cicla; Authority: (Linnaeus) Arcangeli. Notes. Beet cultivated as a.

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By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. The roots and leaves of the beet have been used in traditional medicine to treat a wide variety of ailments.

The upper leaves are smaller, their blades are rhombic to narrowly lanceolate.

Beta vulgaris var. cicla in Chinese Plant Names @

Archived from the original e-book on Beta vulgaris is classified into three subspecies: It is the economically most important crop of the large order Caryophyllales. Chard can be harvested while the leaves are young and tender, or after maturity when they are larger and have slightly tougher stems.

Koch Flavescens GroupB. The sea beetthe ancestor of modern cultivated beets, prospered along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea. Chard is used in traditional Swiss cuisine, however, namely in a dish called Capuns from the Canton of Grisons. The midribs of Swiss chard are eaten boiled while the whole leaf blades are eaten as spinach beet. Beta vulgaris Beta vulgaris subsp. The composition of different betalain pigments can vary, resulting in strains of beetroot which are yellow or other colors in addition to the familiar deep red.

Retrieved from ” https: Beet greens and Swiss chard are both considered high oxalate foods which are implicated in the formation of kidney stones.


The taxonomy of the various cultivated races has a long and complicated history, they were treated at the rank of either subspeciesor convarieties or varieties.

The word “chard” descends from the fourteenth-century French cardefrom Latin carduus meaning artichoke thistle or cardoonincluding the artichoke. Leaf vegetables Amaranthaceae Edible plants. Archived from the original E-book on In the second edition of “Species Plantarum”Linnaeus separated the sea beet as its own species, Beta maritimaand left only the vularis beets in Beta vulgaris. Views Read Edit View history.

EPPO Global Database

Webarchive template webcite links Articles with ‘species’ microformats All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from May Commons category link is on Wikidata. Fresh beets, nature’s jewels for the table”.

Roman and Jewish literary sources suggest that in the 1st century BC the domestic beet was represented in the Mediterranean basin primarily by leafy forms like chard and spinach beet. In Eastern Europe beet soup, such as cold borschis a popular dish.

Zohary and Hopf note that beetroot is “linguistically well identified.

Cultivars of chard include green forms, such as ‘Lucullus’ and ‘Fordhook Giant’, as well as red-ribbed forms such as ‘Ruby Chard’ and ‘Rhubarb Chard’. A royal decree led to the first factory devoted to sugar extraction from beetroots being opened in KunernSilesia now Konary, Poland in This page was last edited on 5 Decemberat It remains a widely cultivated commercial crop for betq table sugar, in part due to subsidies scaled to keep it competitive with tropical sugar cane.

Raw beets are added cicoa salads. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Beet. In fruit, the glomerules of flowers form connate hard clusters. The leaves and stems of young plants are steamed briefly and eaten as a vegetable; older leaves and stems are stir-fried and have a flavour resembling taro leaves. Jews traditionally eat beet on Rosh Hashana New Year.


In the cultivars of the Flavescens-Group, the leaf stalks are large and often prepared separately from the leaf blade. The origin of the adjective “Swiss” is unclear, since the Mediterranean plant is not native to Switzerland.

Archived from the original on The consumption of beets causes pink urine in some people. Archived from the original PDF on For other uses, see Chard disambiguation. The flowers are produced in dense spike-like, basally interrupted inflorescences. Flora of North America Editorial Committee eds.

When chard vr cooked by boiling, vitamin and mineral contents are reduced compared to raw chard, but still supply significant proportions of the DV table. The species description of Beta vulgaris was made in by Carl Linnaeus in Species Plantarumat the same time creating the genus Beta.

Other pigments contained in beet are indicaxanthin and vulgaxanthins yellow to orange pigments known as betaxanthins. Indicaxanthin has been shown as a powerful protective antioxidant for thalassemia and prevents the breakdown of alpha-tocopherol Vitamin E.

Cultivated beets are grown worldwide in regions without severe frosts. Modern sugar beets date back to midth century Bta where the king of Prussia subsidised experiments aimed at processes for sugar extraction. The “earthy” taste of some beetroot cultivars comes from the presence of geosmin.

An International Journal of Medicine.