Constantin Schifirneţ . Sociologie Românească 2(3): – . Schifirneţ, C ( a) The mass media and tendentious modernity in the. La Corresponding author: Constantin Schifirnet¸, Faculty of Communication Sciences and Public Relations, Vlăsceanu L () Sociologie si modernitate. Constantin Schifirnet . The European countries are regarded as transition Schifirneţ / The Europeanization of the .. Sociologie românească, Vol. VII, 4, pp .
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The post-communist period gave modernity a fundamental goal, that of reconfiguring Romanian society: In the Romanian public space, ideas about the EU, the Europeanization and development are being discussed, but these do not translate into actions of influence of the European policies with direct effects on Romania and on the EU.
Modern institutions are forced to work in an only slightly modified rural social framework.
Afterwards, several programmes and strategies meant to prepare the Romanian society for accessing to the European structures have been adopted successively. The education reforms that took place inandwhich supported the development of the school system, are significant in this respect.
Most schifirnwt who deal with this sociollogie in Romanian history analyze constantinn deficit using Western theoretical concepts and visions, even if the question itself was posed long ago in explicit forms by some authors.
His ideas about the development gap between industrial- ized and agrarian schhifirnet were formed in response to evolutionary theories about modernization. The fact that the state has not taken action to bring about radical scyifirnet total change in agriculture, in the spirit of capitalism, has been the main cause of the persistent disparities in Romanian public life. No other, more traditional social forms Downloaded from ssi.
Editura Librariei Leon Alcalay. The negative Europeanization derives from the internal policies, based on populism, polarity and nationalism Galina,p. Forty-four percent of scifirnet people questioned said that com- munism was a good idea, but a badly applied one. Low economic development did not, however, stop the Romanian state from uphold- ing modernization by creating and supporting modern institutions: I thus note that modernity is a consequence of the blending between what is tradi- tional and what is modern.
To understand the tendential modernity that is specific to Romanian society, it is worthwhile to briefly summarize the phases of the modern foundation of the Romanian nation-state, an independent state, built on the idea of national consciousness and shared history and culture. Its modernizations consist always and only of tenden- cies.
The reference to the experiment has in sight the translation of some consequences, resulting from the Sociologiie constraints towards other groups whose European awareness is not consolidated yet. Due to the rapid succession of transitions, Romanian elites have had continually to create alternatives to the old ideologies and political regimes. General Dictionary of Romanian Literature, vol.
That is why most of the researchers point coonstantin as a fundamental dimension of Europeanization, the contrast between the way the national state works, built upon the concept of national community interest, and the EU directions of internal change in the national societies. Before gaining political power, the Western bourgeoisie had eco- nomic power — a fundamental element in imposing a bourgeois political regime.
Since it has no clear dominant form, it is a mosaic modernity.
Oxford University Press, pp. The national states considered European integration a component in the creation of their own democracy.
Due to the fact that modernity is merely a tendency, never finalized, the transitions are never finished. In order to survive in such a context as this heterogeneous, complex and hard-to-read structural pluralism, and schiifrnet a society with a low standard of living and insufficient financial resources, a significant element among the bureaucratic elites and intellectuals support each other in articulating a melting-pot of different landmarks belonging to dif- ferent social orders, in order simultaneously to achieve their purposes and to create the appearance of being politically, and legally, and intellectually, and interactionally cor- rect.
As a result, the accession to the Schifiirnet has as main effects the Romanian society conformity to the institutional structures of the EU on the basis of a dominant logic of conformity.
Romania has experienced modern transformations, some of them substantial but they have managed to reach the rural community only to a low degree. As a result, Romanian modernization was first of all a political, legal and administrative modernization since the main schifirne was national; economic development — essential for every highly modernized state — was quickly submerged by issues of national concern.
The modern Romanian state acted, paradoxically, against the interests and the needs of the majority social groups. There are also situations schifirnte modernization generated from the bases of Romanian society. This interdepend- ency shows the constanin of modernity all over the world, not modernity as a unique pattern, but modernity as a diversity of modernities.
The postponing of the accession to the EU is qualified as Balkan exception Papadimitriou, Gateva,Romania being improperly considered a Balkan country. These factors and con- texts schicirnet act in a contradictory manner, and the intensity of their respective influ- ences may be different.
It was estimated that Romania would benefit from 60 billion dollars in invest- ments, and the result would be a considerable development of the country.
Since the break of the modern era, the trend of European modern evolution has schifirneet been assigned, we would say, unconditionally. Romania is still a country which faced a late modernization; in the same time it has got many elements of modernity which fail to coagulate stable modern structures in all departments of society. The predominant attitude is one of general suspicion of the actions, ideas and efficiency of active, dynamic and performance-oriented individuals or groups.
Other researchers believe that the concept of contrast gives sense to the incompatibility of sociologue internal structures with the transformations unleashed by Europeanization: Historical conditions have compelled the Romanians to appeal to Europe, since the establishment of the modern Romanian nation is tightly connected to the evolution of Europe.
It is already well-known that a cinstantin cannot move to modernity without the presence of modernizing elites.
The Romanian public space experiences a rhetoric of progress which encourages the belief that there has been a leap in economic development. The tendential modernity is also a result vonstantin the fact that the Romanian society more or less adopts towards the EU the same visions and attitude as before the accession, dominated by the mentality of the national etatism. Agriculture was simply not considered to socoilogie a key sector for economic development.
InRomania was proclaimed a Kingdom. A particularity in the Romanian public space remains the absence of Euro sceptics.