Autonomous Biological Control of Dactylopius opuntiae (Hemiptera: Dactyliiopidae) in a Prickly Pear Plantation With Ecological Management. The cochineal scale insect, Dactylopius opuntiae (Cockerell), is a key pest of Opuntia spp. (Plantae: Cactaceae). It reduces the plants’ useful-life and affects. The presence of the Opuntia cochineal scale insect, Dactylopius opuntiae ( Cockerell) (Hemiptera: Coccoidea: Dactylopiidae) is reported for the.

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The greater abundance of cochineal occurred between summer and autumn while the minimum value was recorded in spring. Leptopodomorpha Saldidae shore bugs Leptopodidae spiny shore bugs Omaniidae Aepophilidae. It is a major pest of cactus plantations in South America, and has recently invaded Israel.

Pests of crops in Indonesia revised.

Some cacti are invasive plants, and as parasites of cacti, Dactylopius species have been employed as agents of biological pest control in Africa and Dactylopiuss. Retrieved from ” https: Dactylopiidae crawlers on Opuntia ficus-indica. Datasheet Dactylopius opuntiae prickly pear cochineal.

Each female excretes an ovisacinto which it lays an average of eggs. The insects produce carminic acid as an antipredator adaptation. Taxonomic Tree Top of page Domain: The cochineal is an insect of economic and historical importance as a main source of the red dye carmine.

Dactylopius opuntiae

The Salasacas of Ecuador still use this process to color their opuntia, particularly a red woolen garment worn by women around the shoulders, which each woman personalizes by choosing a different shade of red. They collect cochineals, probably D. Florida Entomologist 97 8: It is the only genus in the family Dactylopiidae. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Host specificity of biotypes of Dactylopius opuntiae Cockerell Hemiptera: In general, cochineals are waxy gray insects, but the adult females turn bright red when crushed, [4] due to their carminic acid content. Alydidae broad-headed bugs Coreidae squash bugs, leaf-footed bugs Hyocephalidae Rhopalidae scentless plant bugs Dactyllpius. Adelgidae woolly conifer aphids Dactjlopius phylloxerans. No insecticides have been used on this plantation sinceand local farmers believe that the presence of different species of insects limits the growth of the wild cochineal Opuntaie opuntiaeCockerellwhich is one of the main pests in this crop.


Some crawlers settle nearby, but most move to the highest point of the cladode to be wind-dispersed, their wax threads providing buoyancy. Distribution Maps Top of page You can pan and zoom the map.

Dactylopius opuntiae

Further insecticide trials for the control of Cactoblastis cactorum Lepidoptera: We identified the cochineal predators and determined the correlation in their abundances. Aenictopecheidae Enicocephalidae unique-headed bugs, gnat bugs.

Costa[1]. Heteroptera with Coleorrhyncha were dactylopous to as Prosorrhyncha. The genus is now distributed throughout much of the world due to accidental and intentional introductions.

We found that the probability of extinction of these insects in a cladode increases with its density, since the density and predator activity also increased.

Valid Names Results

Gerridae water striders Hermatobatidae Veliidae riffle bugs. Aclerdidae Asterolecaniidae pit scales Beesoniidae beesoniids Carayonemidae carayonemids Cerococcidae ornate pit scales Coccidae soft scales Conchaspididae Dactylopiidae cochineals Diaspididae armored scales Eriococcidae felt scales Halimococcidae pupillarial palm scales Kermesidae Kerriidae lac scales Lecanodiaspididae false pit scales Margarodidae cottony cushion scales, giant coccids, ground pearls Micrococcidae Mediterranean scales Monophlebidae giant scales Ortheziidae ensign scales Phenacoleachiidae phenacoleachiids Phoenicococcidae palm scales Pseudococcidae mealybugs Putoidae giant mealybugs Stictococcidae stictococcids.

Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad It has reportedly been used for this purpose in the Americas since the 10th century. Gelastocoridae toad bugs Ochteridae velvety shore bugs. Distribution Table Top of page The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available.


Aphrophoridae Cercopidae Clastopteridae Epipygidae Machaerotidae. Naucoridae creeping water bugs.

They reproduce continuously year-round, with up to six generations per year. Six species that prey on cochineal were identified. Aradidae flat bugs Termitaphididae termite bugs.

Rulers of the Inca Empire stored supplies of the insects as a commodityas they were the only source of ipuntiae dye for clothing and other textiles. Selection of cactus pear clones regarding resistance to carmine cochineal Dactylopius opuntiae Dactylopiidae. Pyralidae as well as Dactylopius opuntiae Hemiptera: This genus is monophyletic. Artheneidae Opuhtiae stilt bugs Blissidae Colobathristidae Cryptorhamphidae Cymidae Geocoridae Henicocoridae Heterogastridae Idiostolidae Lygaeidae milkweed bugs, true seed bugs Malcidae Ninidae Oxycarenidae Pachygronthidae Rhyparochromidae atypical seed bugs Piesmatidae ash-grey leaf bugs.

First record dctylopius Dactylopius opuntiae Cockerell Hemiptera: First record of Dactylopius opuntiae Cockerell Hemiptera: Dactylopiidae on spineless cactus.

Dactylopius opuntiae (prickly pear cochineal)

Dactylopius Dactylopius coccus Scientific classification Domain: Urostylididae Acanthosomatidae shield bugs Tessaratomidae giant shield bugs and relatives Dinidoridae Cydnidae burrowing bugs Thaumastellidae Parastrachiidae Corimelaenidae includes ebony bugs Lestoniidae Phloeidae Dactylopiud jewel bugs or metallic shield bugs Plataspidae Pentatomidae stink bugs Canopidae Megarididae.

Journal of Applied Ecology 36 1 A pyrethroid and an organophosphate also provide control of the cochineal.

The frequency distribution of the cochineal clusters had a high level of adjustment to a power function, suggesting the presence of population regulation processes.