According to Louis Massignon Al-Hallaj was born around AD in Tur a small town of Bayda district, in the center of the southern Iran,which. Abridged from the four-volume The Passion of al-Hallaj, one of the major Louis Massignon (), France’s most celebrated Islamic specialist in this. Louis Massignon (25 July – 31 October ) was a Catholic scholar of Islam and a . Louis Gardet, his friend and colleague, assisted in the posthumous edition of Louis Massignon’s work La passion de Hussayn Ibn Mansûr an-Hallâj.

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The Views of Louis Massignon about the Life of Al-Hallaj

Few figures massigbon Islam provoked as much debate among classical commentators as al-Hallaj. The grand master Junnaid arbitrated by advising him to be patient, and also advised to live together with family of his father in law. Shariati had immense respect for Massignon and adored him as a teacher and a master in his book Kavir book.

Retrieved from ” https: Massignon was sometimes criticized massigbon Muslims for giving too much importance to Muslim figures that are considered somewhat marginal by Islamic mainstream, such as al-Hallaj and for paying too much attention to Sufism, and too little to Islamic legalism. Waardenburg gave the following synthesis of Massignon’s precepts: HanifBiographical Encyclopaedia of Sufis: The Kashmir was important intellectual center, where Hindus and Turkish Buddhists of neighbouring allied state of Ghandhara mingled with foreign scholars like Al-Hallaj.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Perhaps the most controversial Su! Massignon’s work raises questions about the name and nature of scholarship in general. He himself interpreted the state of delirium as a “reaction of [his] brain to the forced conversion of [his] soul”.

In the s, Francis of Assisi played a great role in his life: The conditions of Al-Hallaj’s confinement varied depending on the relative sway his opponents and supporters held at the court, [8] but he was finally condemned to death in on the charge of being a Qarmatian rebel who wished nassignon destroy the Kaababecause he had said “the important thing is to proceed seven times around the Kaaba of one’s heart.

The new Cambridge history of Islam, Volume 4 1.

Louis Massignon

amssignon This article’s lead section does not adequately summarize key points of its contents. State University of New York Press. Next, concerning the motive: This vow led to the formal foundation of the Badaliya prayer association in The fact remains, hallan, that Massignon’s work has made Hallaj one of the five or six most recognizable Muslim names by the general Massignon audience, after Muhammad, Harun al-Rashid, maybe Ghazali, “Saladin,” and Omar Khayyam.


Edward Saida non-Muslim Arab-American scholar, wrote Massignon used Hallaj to “embody, to incarnate, values essentially outlawed by the mainstream doctrinal system of Islam, a system that Massignon himself described mainly in order hallwj circumvent it with al-Hallaj”. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. However, the quality of this work could massibnon been enriched had the author made use of existing scholarship on the social and economic history of the medieval Middle Hqllaj.

In the process louix “fleshing out” Hallaj, Massignon also gave us an intimate view of the center of masssignon Islamic world in one of its most crucial periods and places—9th- and 10th- century Baghdad—and the formulation of the official Sunni creed against a background of many competing interpretations of Islam. The Theme of the Ashes: Al-Hallaj was also accused for secretly keeping relation and having sympathies for Qarmathians, for which he was accused to facilitated with accomplices for visiting their centers, in Kufa and Darul Hajira.

He made this long trip by sea via Daybal presently Karachi Sind and via balad ul Shirk to the east actual Gujarat in India and also visited valley of Indus the city of Mansur presently Multan.

In Baghdad he was the guest of the great Muslim family of the Alusi, who introduced him to the brand of Arab hospitality [1] he was to honour throughout his life. In this he followed the model of Mahatma Gandhi and his principles of non-violent action ahimsa and satyagraha. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Following this idea, Massignon wanted to dedicate his whole life as a substitute for the Muslims, not necessarily so that they would be converted not putting up with their difference for religion would have been against his idea of sacred hospitality but that God’s will would be fulfilled through them.

They took a vow of Badaliya Arabic: While firmly rooted in Catholic faith, Massignon was inspired by Islamic theology and masignon as well, which made him a very independent thinker in religious matters, while he avoided any kind of heresy. Massignon often talks of Islam as a naive and primitive religion but far from looking at Muslim faith with disdain, he sees in its existence of Islam a protest of those excluded by the Alliances of God with the Jews and Christian, and a criticism of the infidelity of the Elected, the Jews and Christians.


The Passion of Al-Hallaj: Mystic and Martyr of Islam – Louis Massignon – Google Books

Huysmans’ own conversion massigjon Roman Catholicism was one of the first major inspirations of the young Louis in a friendly tutorial relationship that lasted from till Huysmans’ death in In Mecca he made a vow to remain for one year in the courtyard of the sanctuary in fasting and total silence.

Being a priest meant for Massignon offering his life in substitution for others, especially for the Muslims. He also saw his becoming a priest later in life as a way of offering up his life for others.

Borrmans, Yet, there is also a tendency of Islam towards non-violence, to be recognized most clearly in the self-offering on Mount Arafat during the hajjthe pilgrimage to Mecca. Namara inscription Pre-Islamic Arabic inscriptions.

He was said to have “lit four hundred oil lamps in Jerusalem’s Church of the Holy Sepulchre with his finger and extinguished an massjgnon Zoroastrian flame with the tug of a sleeve. After World War IIwhile still remaining active as a scholar, his focus of attention shifted to political action to help Muslims and Arab Christians. Borrmans, Massignon believes that the self-offering of Muslim saints in substitution for their brothers can make Islam go ahead on the way of revelation.

Likewise, his great openness for Islam was seen with skeptical eyes by many Catholics. Click here to sign up. You are commenting using your Twitter account. On the one hand, his breathtaking erudi- tion and sensitivity are lauded and admired universally; hallah the other, his “existential” presup- positions are frequently singled out as the major flaw in his oeuvre—because of which his writings may not be considered scholarly, scientific, objective.

It was criticized by many as giving prominence to a relatively marginal figure in Islam: Literary History of Persia. Although the majority of early Sufi teachers condemned him, he was almost unanimously canonized by later generations of Sufis.

In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikiquote.