As part of my studies, I’ve been asked to design a prestressed concrete beam for a bridge. As part of this. Magnel Diagram The relationship between 1/Pi and e are linear and if plotted graphically, they provide a useful means of determining appropriate values of. Magnel diagram. From StructuralWiki. Jump to: navigation, search. Graphical method for design of prestressed concrete beams.

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A much more useful approach to design can he developed if the equations are treated graphically as follows. In addition, it is possible to assume values of eccentricity for which there is no solution for the prestress force as the upper and lower limits could overlap. Take 30 per cent idagram the variable load contributing to the quasi-permanent load.

### Magnel diagram example – Album on Imgur

The Magnel diagram is a powerful design tool as it covers all possible solutions of the inequality equations and enables a range of prestress force and eccentricity values to be investigated. Concrete Stair Reinforcement Design. Construct the Magnel diagram for the beam given in example If this proves to be critical then the section magel have to be redesigned taking the quasi-permanent duagram condition as more critical than the characteristic load condition.

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## Magnel diagram example

The intersection of the two lines at position A on the diagram corresponds to a value of Pi — kN. Values of minimum and maximum prestress force can be readily read from the diagram as can intermediate values where the range of possible eccentricities for a chosen force can be easily determined.

From the previous example:.

For the previous example, using minimum preslress force of kN. The Magnel diagram can now be used to investigate other possible solutions for the design prestressing force and eccentricity.

### Magnel Diagram Equations – Concrete Design – Eurocode Standards

Once a value of preslress force diagran between the minimum and upper limit diagrxm is chosen, the compressive stress at the top of the section under the quasi-permanent loads should also be calculated and compared with the lesser allowable value of 0.

From he previous examples:. Assume a maximum possible eccentricity of mm allowing for cover etc. Post a comment Name Two separate figures are shown as it is possible for line I.

Hence the intersection of these two magneo should be taken as the maximum prestress force and. The relationships can be plotted as shown in figure The calculation in example!

Alternatively, if the eccentricity is fixed, he diagram can be used to investigate the range of possible prestress force for the given eccentricity. For different assumed values of eccentricity further limits on the prestress force can be determined in an identical manner although the calculations would be tedious and repetitive.

Since this is greater than the upper limit already established from equation The line of maximum possible eccentricity is also plotted but, as it lies outside the zone bounded by the four inequalities, does not place any diagrram on the possible solutions. Note that in equation Responses cara What is quasi permanent load?

The lines marked 1 to 4 correspond to equations This form of construction is known as a Magnel Diagram. The additional line 5 shown on he diagram corresponds to a possible physical limitation of the maximum eccentricity allowing for the overall depth of section, cover to the prestressing tendons, provision of shear links and so on. These inequalities are plotted on the Magnel diagram in figure