CONCEPTOS ELEMENTALES DEL MATERIALISMO HISTORICO MARTA HARNECKER PDF

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This is achieved not only by the workers acting as protagonists in the productive process but also by their working to satisfy the needs of those who are part of the human family, in an expression of solidarity. The first—something many have absolutely no doubt about—is that a company will only be efficient if, as it produces, it does not destroy the future of humanity, and it does not destroy nature.

We know full well what happens when not only strategic decisions but also most decisions are made centrally: In twenty-first century socialism, the people themselves must set the priorities for what needs will be satisfied.

A company, it seems, only produces goods or services as it transforms raw materials into products. MarxismMovements Places: To build this new economic model, it is necessary to begin restructuring not only the relations of production but also the relations of distribution and consumption.

He explained, however, that this struggle was very different from the one waged under the capitalist regime. Its main characteristics will be discussed below.

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Workers should be protagonists in their workplaces. We must promote the idea that our goal, as Bolivian President Evo Morales says, is not to live better but to live well. Nonetheless, this re-evaluation of the relation between the political and aesthetic spheres has tended to gravitate towards an interpretation of this dialectic as unconscious. Nevertheless, the productive process itself went through very few changes. To do that, they must be able to historixo themselves.

Then, the companies operating in those areas could harnecer to what degree they could satisfy them. The person who works has to be informed of the whole production process, must be capable of controlling it, and be able to express an opinion on production plans. U of Texas P, Forged from a partnership between historioc university press and a library, Project MUSE is a trusted part of the academic and scholarly community it serves. In this way, workers, as they work, can achieve their full development as human and social beings.

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Twentieth-century epementales tended to identify collective property with state property, in spite of the fact that Lenin stressed that statizing or transferring ownership to the state was not the same thing as socializing ownership. Twenty-first century socialism cannot afford to leave untouched labor processes that alienate workers, and it cannot allow the division between manual labor and intellectual labor to continue.

If, instead, we measure efficiency not only by labor productivity but also by the human development of the worker, there is no doubt that a self-managed or co-managed socialist company will come out ahead of a capitalist company. Who decides what these needs are?

Its objective was to improve the control and supervision over all administrative bodies and find ways that made it possible to involve all members of a community in solving their own problems. The few but important functions materialissmo would be left to a central government would not be eliminated, as some have said, deliberately falsifying the truth: What happened in the Soviet Union, and in most matfrialismo the countries that followed its example, was not real appropriation of the productive process by the workers but simple statization of the means of production.

As I understand it, the underlying cause of bureaucratism is to be found—and far more important than legacies of the past—in the excessive centralization of the Soviet state.

National Library of Australia. The concept of socialist efficiency, then, should include not only respect for nature but also the understanding that investing in the development of the workforce is productive investment. It helps deepen democracy and strengthen the central state, the fundamental instrument for defending our sovereignty and leading the country toward the new society we want to build.

But that is not the whole truth; something else is transformed in the production process—the workers: It is therefore very important to distinguish between formal ownership and real appropriation. A large capitalist factory was not very different from a large socialist factory: Request this item to view in the Library’s reading rooms using your library card.

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One hundred years before the ecological problem was raised internationally, Marx said that the capitalist mode of production, as it developed technology and social processes of production, simultaneously undermines the original sources of all wealth—the soil and the laborer.

It should be clear that I am not talking here about the kind of decentralization promoted by neoliberalism. Efficiency in socialism has to take two things into consideration. Having workers who are but cogs in the machine is efficient from the capitalist point of view because it increases productivity.

On the contrary, every workday should include, as part of the job, a certain amount of time devoted to worker education.

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One of the most important lessons learned after the goal set by Fidel Castro for the sugar harvest in Cuba was not met was understanding that it was impossible for the socialist state to administer everything centrally, especially in an underdeveloped country such as Cuba. Project MUSE promotes the creation and dissemination of essential humanities and social science resources through collaboration with libraries, publishers, and scholars worldwide.

Although the state formally represents the elemetnales, what is needed if the collective is really to appropriate the means of production factories, mines, land, services, etc. Therefore, one of the first steps that must be taken if we are to achieve more self-management of companies is to make it possible for workers to obtain that knowledge.

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These went from being the property of a few to being the property of the state, which supposedly materoalismo both urban and rural workers. Can anyone think up a more effective means for controlling that bakery than the masses themselves?